Vicious circle culminating in tooth loss
Many periodontitis-associated bacteria do not like oxygen and therefore prefer to colonize areas of the mouth in which the oxygen concentration is not so high – e.g. in the space between teeth and gums. Here, the bacteria then emit certain substances that attack both the gums and the jaw. Together with the immune system response to the bacteria, this leads to the spaces becoming deeper, resulting in the formation of “periodontal pockets”. These provide ideal living conditions for the periodontitis-associated bacteria. These bacteria proliferate and cause the periodontal pockets to become ever deeper. A vicious circle ensues. If this process is not stopped, this can lead to gum recession and bone resorption in the jaw in the long term.
Important to know: Beyond a certain stage, the damage caused by the bacteria can no longer be reversed. If you do not act promptly, the end result may be tooth loss.