Diabetes predisposes to periodontitis

Diabetes is often associated with relatively severe forms of periodontal disease. Particular attention should therefore also be paid to diabetes patients in the dental practice.

Blood glucose monitoring

Complications of diabetes mellitus include reduced tissue blood flow and a weakened immune system. This is not without its consequences for oral health either: The proliferation of periodontitis-associated bacteria is favored and, at the same time, the healing of inflamed gums is delayed. Periodontitis may thus be an indicator of undetected diabetes. Conversely, however, periodontitis also has a negative influence on diabetes, which is why effective treatment of periodontitis is all the more important for diabetes patients.

Diabetics are three times more likely to develop periodontitis

Elevated blood glucose concentrations lead to an increase in the release of inflammation mediators which further exacerbate the destruction of the periodontal apparatus. This is why people with poorly controlled diabetes are 3 times more likely to develop periodontitis, have disease forms that progress significantly more rapidly and have a much poorer response to therapy. If diabetes patients are also, moreover, carriers of a genetic variation in the interleukin-1 genes, the risk of periodontal diseases increases further by a factor of almost 4. Diabetics with well controlled blood glucose concentrations are not at increased risk of periodontitis.